Gendered Jobs Are on the Decline, But Stereotypes Remain

In the workplace, pigeonholing is a problem for both genders.

  • Intentionally identifying a job as “female” will automatically reduce the authority of the job.
  • The gender lines are blurring and positions in fields that are predominantly female becoming increasingly filled by males and reversed.
  • While gender-based barriers to employment are diminishing, research on non-binary and transgender representations in workplace settings is not done.
  • This post is intended for executives and employees who are interested in trends in gender makeup in the workplace. A growing number of professions and sectors are diversifying their gender representation and the gender pay gap is shrinking. In 1980 employers paid women between 25-34 about 33 cents less an hour. In 2020, that amount was not yet zero however the rate wasmuch lower than 7 cents an hour.

Here are some fascinating research findings and insights into the working conditions and opportunities that are that are becoming more gender-neutral.

The randomness of gender roles

Although some gender-specific work positions are clearly rooted in stereotypes, such as women working as teachers or men working in finance, the world of computing is different. In the beginning, the field, computer programming was seen as comparable with the work of secretaries and the majority of programmers were women who were referred to in the industry as “computer women.” When the field became more complex, and required more skilled, higher-paying workers, computers were “upgraded” to men’s jobs. The current technology industry that is dominated by men results from this.

Pop culture can also play an important role in the occupational stereotypes. Whitney Joy Smith, president of The Smith Investigation Agency, explained that private detectives in real life aren’t like characters from the entertainment industry. “As women working in the field We hear a sense of shocked from a variety of clients when they request to speak to an investigator over the phone, and we tell that they’re speaking to one. It’s a old stigma that we’re trying to end. The days of a retired police officer wearing a homburg hat are long gone.”

Does a job’s reputation depend on gender?

An 2017. research study that was published by the American Sociological Review found that a job classified as to be a “male” position is seen as more trustworthy than the “woman’s” work. The researchers arrived at this conclusion through analyzing the gender-neutral field of commercial loan managers for the purposes of a Central American bank.

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The study showed that customers were more likely to adhere to their repayments when they were in the hands of male loan managers and customers who were who had male managers are more likely skip the payments.

Additionally, when the participants initially who were paired together with women managers during the study transferred to a different manager and the noncompliance rate remained identical, regardless of the manager’s gender. Evidently, all it required to be a single person in the job to give it a gender and if the gender is female, then the job was not taken as seriously. [Related: 7 Female entrepreneurs share their biggest Obstacles The biggest challenge for female entrepreneurs is

There’s no need to discuss the reasons why this is detrimental to women, however, it discourages males to break gender boundaries.

“Both have made progress in advancement over the last couple of decades, however, it’s likely that women working in male-dominated professions have made bigger advancements than women in industries that are predominantly female,” Smith said. Men-dominated jobs have historically received more respect, better pay and higher fringe benefits. In contrast, women in male-dominated occupations are often stigmatized and are not able to enjoythe economic rewards.

Breaking boundaries

There are two methods to tackle this gender issue in the workplace. It is one to cease judging the professions that are predominantly female as less credible and the other is to get rid of the arbitrary distinctions between genders. Fortunately, we’re seeing improvement on the former.

In a 2017 study recruitment company CareerBuilder measured the percentage of jobs opening in gender-biased jobs that are filled by people of opposite genders. The results were encouraging with the majority of male- and male-dominated fields becoming more gender-neutral.

“Women both men and women are taking a step back from preconceived notions and crossing into roles that have historically been dominated by the opposite gender,” said Rosemary Haefner the chief human resource officer at CareerBuilder when the research was conducted in an interview.

The study revealed that almost one-quarter of all new jobs in traditionally male-dominated professions like CEOs doctors, lawyers, surgeons technologists, scientists,, and producers – were held in 2009 by females until 2017. The study found that 23% of jobs that were traditionally held by males were then filled by women.

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The year 2021 was the date Catalyst released research that showed the same trend. The study provided proportion of women who are in the workforce of specific sectors. The study found that women working in fields comprised of two-thirds males rose by 5% between 2016 and 2018.

Catalyst classified their findings in two categories which are industries and occupations. The data, derived from 2019, showed that women are the top percentages in these positions that are typically considered to be male-dominated roles.

  • Civil engineers: 16%
  • Computer programmers: 21.1%
  • Construction Managers: 8.4%
  • Sales/driving workers and truck drivers: 7.8%
  • Construction trades, extraction workers and supervisors of the first-line: 3.5%
  • Engineers in mechanical engineering: 8.7%
  • Software developers: 19.4%

Catalyst also gathered information on the proportion of women working in four male-dominated areas.

  • Construction: 10.9%
  • Manufacturing: 29.5%
  • Oil, mining extraction and gas the quarrying process: 14.5%
  • Transportation and utilities: 24.1%

Other results

In some roles that are typically held by women or men but the gender of the opposite is unemployed. Most recent U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics on nursing data show that 12percent in registered nurses, and 20.8 percent of teachers at elementary schools are males.

On a bigger scale there are many other traditionally male-dominated occupations where women today make up a large portion in the work force.

  • Lawyers: 37.6%
  • Veterinarians: 63%
  • Industrial and commercial designer: 17.9%
  • Market managers 53.6%
  • Optometrists: 45.1%
  • Manager analysts: 50.2%
  • Sales managers: 30.4%
  • Directors, producers or other movie-related positions 34 percent
  • Chemists: 38.9%
  • Scouts and coaches: 47.6%
  • Private investigators and detectives: 26.9%
  • Paramedics and emergency medical technicians: 31.7%
  • Financial analysts 44% of financial analysts are financial analysts.
  • Team assemblers: 45.5%
  • Computer system analysts Analysts in computer systems: 36 percent
  • General and Operations Managers: 30.4%
  • Surgeons: 22%
  • Web developers: 25.3%
  • Dental practitioners (general): 35.9%
  • Chief executives Chief executives: 30 percent

In the same way, in these male-dominated work environments, men had the biggest gains:

  • Cooks (institution and cafeteria): 70.3%
  • Window trimmers and display units for merchandise: 40.9%
  • Retail salespersons 31% of salespeople in retail
  • Pharmacists: 40.7%
  • Administrators of education: 37.2%
  • Teachers of elementary schools (except the special education teacher): 20.8%
  • Bartenders: 38.2%
  • Insurance sales agents: 47.7%
  • Marketing analysts, market research analysts and specialist: 41.9%
  • Auditors and accountants: 40.9%
  • Technical writers: 48.1%
  • Interior designers: 22.4%
  • Fitness instructors and trainers: 32.8%
  • Telemarketers: 33.4%
  • Specialists in training and development: 32.6%
  • Respiratory therapy therapists: 36.9%
  • Human resource Managers: 23.2%
  • Anesthesiologists for nurses: 39.31%
  • Physician assistants: 32.8%
  • Specialists in public relations: 28.9%
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Changes in expectations

Women and men have taken on new goals for their careers and consumer demands are an important driver of shifts.

With the increasing number of men in the wedding planning business, “I think client expectations led to changes in the industry that made it more gender-neutral,” said Lauren Grech the LLG Events’ CEO. LLG Events. “Wedding planning has become more than only for the bride and her mom as well as the bride’s mother … LGBTQ+ couples have changed the dynamics in the industry of weddings, allowing couples of all kinds to plan with one another, as there is no longer any gender-specific roles. It’s extremely difficult to break out of the practice of calling it the “bridal sector.'”

There are benefits in offering fresh perspectives to tired areas. “Most people realize that women are creative, intuitive and trustworthy … and so they are quick to recognize that working with female investigators will achieve greater success,” Smith said. “It’s particularly beneficial because the majority of people think that investigators are males, and female investigators tend to be less noticed which can be extremely helpful in the investigation of a person who is of interest.”

In support of transgender and nonbinary employees

It is evident that careers research typically focuses on gender-based roles that are predominantly male or female. But, this definition excludes gender non-conforming and binary transgender individuals.

You can bridge that space by encouraging employees to to be more open at work should they wish to. The decision is theirs and not yours. However, helping employees who choose to decide to come out will enable your staff to feel more comfortable in their roles.

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